Native American & US
Federal Census Records 1810-1850
DATE: 3 Jul 2002 GMT
In the North Carolina censuses about 1810-1850, what race were Native Americans
classified? What about Asians or anybody other than white or black? There was a
classification of mulatto--- would Native Americans, Asians, etc., be classified
as mulatto? Would appreciate an e-mail from a knowledgeable person.
I can give you the overview and direct your to other Native American resources.
It would appear that you are attempting to search for a Native American using
tradition US federal Census records where persons of color are mentioned. There
are special federal and tribal council census records of Native Americans during
this time period.
FEDERAL CENSUS RECORDS (general population)
For details on federal census records, the questions asked, and the definitions
see Val Greenwood's THE RESEARCHER'S GUIDE TO AMERICAN GENEALOGY 3rd
Edition, Chapter 13 Census Returns. His detailed chart on page 235 shows that in
1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840 the following statistical category existed:
NUMBER OF ALL OTHER FREE PERSONS
(including colored) and that all of the above categories which refer to
"number of persons" have to do with each household individually.
but his general note (a) states
that in 1800, 1810, 1820 "except Indians, not taxed."
FEDERAL & TRIBAL CENSUS RECORDS
While you mention searching Native American in North Carolina, you do not
specify the tribe. We usually think of Cherokee, but in the far western corner
there were Creeks as well. For a map, see George J. Nixon's Records Relating to
Native American Research: the Five Civilized Tribes, Chapter 17 of THE SOURCE
(listed below) page 541.
A Select Catalog of NARA Microfilm Publications on American Indians provides the
NARA microfilm numbers to order. Of particular interest are the following census
rolls particularly significant in Cherokee research.
1817-1819 Cherokees not migrating
1819 Applications for reservation
1817-1838 Cherokee Old Settlers
1835 Henderson Roll. Nixon (IBID,
page 535) states "This is the only known census listing the whole
Cherokee Nation east of the Mississippi (with the exception of the already
migrated Old Settler Cherokees)."
1848 Mulay Roll (Eastern Cherokee)
1851 Annuity Roll (Drennen)
1851 Emigrant Roll
1851 Silar Roll
1851 Chapman Roll
1867 Powell Roll
1867 Thompson Roll
1869 Swetland Roll
1880 Cherokee Census (Cherokee
1883 Cherokee Census (Cherokee
1884 Hester Roll
1886 Cherokee Census (Cherokee
1894 Starr Roll
1910 Guion Miller Roll
I've zeroed in on Cherokee, but there
are similar Creek records during the time period. To encourage your research. I
have provided a few basic web sites on Native Americans:
FOR FURTHER READING:
Barbara Benge's Osiyo Web Page - Lots of resources, links, books, etc. http://members.aol.com/bbbenge/front.html
Cyndi's List - Native American http://www.cyndislist.com/native.htm
Greenwood, Val. THE RESEARCHER'S GUIDE TO AMERICAN GENEALOGY, 3rd edition 2000.
Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. http://www.genealogical.com
This is their featured online book, so you can read it online.
Eakle, Arlene and Johni Cherny. THE SOURCE A GUIDEBOOK OF AMERICAN GENEALOGY,
1st edition. Salt Lake City: Ancestry. 1984. out of print. You can locate the
second edition with different editors at: http://www.ancestry.com
Gormley, Myra Vanderpool. Cherokee Connections. Baltimore: Genealogical
Publishing reprint 2002.
McClure, Tony Mack. Cherokee Proud, 2nd Edition. Chu-Nan-Nee Books. 1998.
full index available online at http://www.amazon.com
National Archives. American Indian (A Select Catalog of NARA Microfilm
National Archives - Native American
Happy Family Tree Climbing.
Daily Genealogy Columnist
AOL Keywords: roots, myrtle
To post a message on this topic, go to Myrt's Message Board