Revolutionary War Resources
Recently several readers wrote to describe the process of reviewing
Revolutionary War pension & bounty land warrant files through HOQ
DearMYRTLE. HeritageQuestOnline has some
Revolutionary War Files (not OCLC)
Martha explained frustration about doing research
where the ancestor did not receive a pension. Indeed pensions for the
Revolutionary War time period were not as common as, for instance, US Civil War
Union soldier pensions. Perhaps this was due to the fact that our fledgling
federal government didn't have a lot of financial resources. Indeed, that was
the idea behind bounty land warrants: the exchange of land for service.
REVOLUTIONARY WAR (recommended by the National Archives)
The American Revolution: Military History:
Bibliography compiled in 1996 by Janet L. Seymour, Air University Library. Its
located on the web at:
information about how records at the National Archives can be useful to your
ancestral quest. Many of the microfilm collections are available not only at the
main branch on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, DC, but at regional archives
branches located strategically throughout the county. Additionally, the Family
History Library, and its 4,000 local Family History Centers may have a copy of
the microfilm group you require, though the FHL Catalog number is different from
the NARA microfilm collection number.
-- National Archives - Revolutionary War Links:
Record Group # & Titles:
Compiled Service Records of American Naval Personnel and Members of the
Departments of the Quartermaster General and the Commissary General of
Military Stores who Served During the Revolutionary War.
-- M881 Compiled Service Records of Soldiers
who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War.
-- M2079 Final Revolutionary War Pension
Payment Vouchers: Delaware
-- M1746 Final Revolutionary War Pension
Payment Vouchers: Georgia
-- M860 General Index to Compiled Military
Service Records of Revolutionary War Soldiers.
-- Z3 Index to Census of Pensioners for
Revolutionary War Military Services. 1840.
-- M879 Index to Compiled Service Records of
American Naval Personnel who Served During the Revolutionary War.
-- T516 Index to Compiled Service Records of
Revolutionary War Naval Personnel, 1775-1783.
-- M920 Index to Compiled Service Records of
Revolutionary War Soldiers who Served With the American Army in
Connecticut Military Organizations.
-- M1051 Index to Compiled Service Records of
Revolutionary War Soldiers Who Served With the American Army in Georgia
-- M257 Index to Compiled Service Records of
Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the Revolutionary War in
Organizations From the State of North Carolina.
-- M926 Letters, Returns, Accounts, and
Estimates of the Quartermaster General's Department in the War Department
Collection of Revolutionary War Records, 1776-1783.
-- T817 Lists of the Adjutant General's
Office for Carded Records of Military Organizations: Revolutionary War
through Philippine Insurrection ('The Ainsworth List').
-- M859 Miscellaneous Numbered Records (The
Manuscript File) in the War Department Collection of Revolutionary War
Records, 1775-1790's, 1775-1790.
-- M853 Numbered Record Books Concerning
Military Operations and Service, Pay and Settlement of Accounts, and
Supplies in the War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records.
-- M1786 Record of Invalid Pension Payments
to Veterans of the Revolutionary War, and the Regular Army and Navy, March
-- T1008 Register of Army Land Warrants
Issued Under the Act of 1788, for Service in the Revolutionary War:
Military District of Ohio, 1788.
-- M804 Revolutionary War Pension and
Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files.
-- M162 The Revolutionary War Prize Cases:
Records of the Court of Appeal in Cases of Capture, 1776-1787.
-- M246 Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783.
-- NRHS I14 Selected NARA Photographs Related
to the Revolutionary War.
-- M805 Selected Records From Revolutionary
War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files.
-- M847 Special Index to Numbered Records in
the War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, 1775-1783.
-- M829 U.S. Revolutionary War Bounty Land
Warrants Used in the U.S. Military District of Ohio and Relating Papers
(Acts of 1788, 1803, and 1806), 1788-1806.
-- M910 Virginia Half Pay and Other Related
Revolutionary War Pension Application Files.
-- M904 War Department Collection of
Post-Revolutionary War Manuscripts.
WAR RECORDS Another point to consider is that individual states were more
likely to give recompense for Revolutionary War service than the federal
government, since more men served on state lines rather than in the Continental
Army. Here are a few examples:
CONNECTICUT. Johnston, Henry P., edit. The Record of Connecticut Men in
the Military and Naval Service During the War of the Revolution 1775-1783.
Volumes I-II. Hartford, CT: 1889.
-- CONNECTICUT. Johnston, Henry P. and Iris
Rose Guertin, eds. Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society
Revolution Rolls and Lists, 1775-1783, Vol. VIII. Hartford: Connecticut
Historical Society, 1901, 1999.
-- MAINE. Ancestry.com. Maine Revolutionary
War Bounty Applications, 1835-36 [database online]. Provo, Utah:
MyFamily.com, Inc., 2000. Original data: Names of Soldiers of the American
Revolution Who Applied for State Bounty under Resolves of March 17, 1835,
March 24, 1836, and March 20, 1836, as Appears of Record in Land Office.
-- MARYLAND. Ancestry.com. Maryland
Revolutionary War Records [database online]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com,
Inc., 2000. Original data: Newman, Harry Wright. Maryland Revolutionary
Records. Baltimore, MD: Maryland Archives, 1938.
-- MASSACHUSETTS. Ancestry.com. Massachusetts
Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War [database online]. Provo,
Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2004. Original data: Massachusetts. Secretary of
the Commonwealth. Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary
War. Volumes 1-17. Boston: Wright & Potter Printing, 1896-1908.
-- NEW YORK. Ancestry.com. Muster and Pay
Rolls of the War of the Revolution, 1775-1783: Miscellaneous Records.
[database online] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2002. Originally published as
Volumes XLVII and XLVIII of Collections of the New-York Historical Society
for the years 1914 and 1915 (New York: 1916).
-- NEW YORK. Ancestry.com. New York Military
in the Revolution. [database online] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2000.
Electronic reproduction of New York in the Revolution as Colony and State,
Vol. II, originally published in 1897.
-- NORTH CAROLINA. Ancestry.com. North
Carolina Revolutionary War Soldiers [database online]. Orem, Utah:
Ancestry, Inc., 1998. Original data: Roster of Soldiers from North
Carolina in the American Revolution, Durham, NC: The North Carolina
Daughters of the American Revolution, 1932.
-- VIRGINIA. Ancestry.com. Virginia Militia
in the Revolutionary War [database online]. Orem, UT: Ancestry.com, 1997.
Original data: McAllister, J.T., Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary
War, McAllister Publishing Co., Hot Springs, VA: 1913.
-- VIRGINIA. Ancestry.com. Virginia Navy in
the Revolution [database online]. Orem, UT: Ancestry.com, 1998. Original
data: Stewart, Robert Armistead. History of Virginia's Navy in the
Revolution. Richmond, VA: Mitchell & Hotchkiss, Printers, 1934.
-- VIRGINIA. Ancestry.com. Virginia
Revolutionary War Records [database online]. Orem, UT: Ancestry.com, 1998.
Original data: Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. Revolutionary War Records, Volume
1, Virginia. Washington D.C.: 1936.
-- VIRGINIA. Ancestry.com. Virginia Soldiers
of 1776, Vol. 1 [database online]. Orem, UT: Ancestry.com, 1997. Original
data: Burgess, Louis Alexander. Virginia Soldiers of 1776. Richmond, VA:
Richmond Press, 1927.
Whether or not a soldier or sailor, your ancestor may have provided patriotic
service by sharing food or horses in support of the troops. Additionally, he or
she may have been honored by having a descendant join one of the following
lineage societies. It would prove useful to search the lineage society's
database to determine a relationship to that descendant's line. Documentation of
patriotic service is required for an application to be approved.
- NSDAR (DAR) National Society Daughters of the
www.dar.org 1776 D Street, N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20006, Telephone: 202-628-1776, Fax: 202-879-3252.
- (SAR) Sons of the American Revolution
www.sar.org 1000 South Fourth
Street, Louisville, KY 40203, Telephone: 502-589-1776.
- NSCAR National Society Children of the American
- Society Of The Cincinnati
, 2118 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008-2810, Telephone:
- Daughters of the Cincinnati, 122 East 58th
Street, New York, NY 10022, Telephone: 212-319-6915.
CEMETERY RECORDS OF
REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIERS
- DAR Local chapters of the DAR National Society
Daughters of the American Revolution may have compiled a cemetery listing of
veterans who were buried within the boundaries of their particular county or
state. See the catalog at
www.dar.org to see if anything is
available. While the DAR library does not lend its materials, at least you
know the item exists. A copy may also have been placed in a local library.
www.OCLC.org (through your local
library access) to determine where else to locate a copy of the title in
- SAR The National Society Sons of the American
Revolution has provided a CD of known Revolutionary War Graves. See:
- Illinois Revolutionary War Veteran Burials
LINKS TO OTHER
- Service Records
- Pension Records And Bounty Land Warrants
- Unit Histories
- Census Records
- Cemetery Records
- Veterans’ And Lineage Society Records
- Graden, Debra, ed. Revolutionary War
Pension Index. [database online] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2000. Taken from a
book in the collection of the Leavenworth County Genealogical Society titled
Letter from the Secretary of Way, communicating A Transcript of the Pension
List of the United States showing the Number of Pensioners in the Several
Districts. Also, The Amount Allowed to each Pensioner dated June 1, 1813,
Referred to the Committee of Claims, Washington: A. and G. Way, Printers,
- Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register of
Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution. Rev. ed.
Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Pub. Co., 1914. (searchable at
- Neagles, James C. Summer Soldiers, A Survey &
Index of Revolutionary War Courts-Martial, Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry
Incorporated, 1986. (in book format, and also searchable at
- Rejected or Suspended Applications for
Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C.: n.p., 1852.
UPCOMING SEMINARS &
- DAR EARLY AMERICAN GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH SEMINAR
October 15-16 at DAR Headquarters. See:
http://www.dar.org/library/eager_conf.cfm From this site we
read: "During this extensive two-day program at DAR Headquarters in
Washington, D.C., experts from the DAR and the National Archives will discuss
genealogical research spanning the Colonial period through the pre-Civil War
era." Topics include:
- Research methods and best practices
- Using technology to maximize search results
- Avoiding mistakes in genealogical writing
- Historical events and military records
- NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR GENEALOGICAL STUDIES
http://www.genealogicalstudies.com/ has a variety of classes in
US research, including military records. There isn't a class specifically
concentrating on Revolutionary War era records.
- GEORGE K. SCHWEITZER. If you get a chance to
attend seminar on the Revolutionary War given by this talented genealogical
lecturer, don't pass it up. He literally "dresses the part" and brings new
understanding to life in the mid to late 18th century American colonies. You'll also
want his book on the subject. See his website:
Happy family tree climbing!
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