women & New York
I saw your latest post today and I have been trying to find more info on my
father-in-law's great Grandmother, Clara ERICKSEN. I haven't been able to find
her on any passenger lists or at Castle Garden. On the census records we have
found for her she either came over in 1882, or 1884, and she was naturalized in
1887, again according to the census records. I haven't been able to find
anything on her, other than her death record, and her appearance on the census
records. 1900-1930. We haven't seen her death
certificate yet, even though I keep asking my in-laws to order it.
Anyway, my biggest question is, could she have come to the US as Clara
ERICKSDOTTIR and changed her name to ERICKSEN? Ericksen is the name on her son's
birth certificate. And if she married in 1887, would that make her
naturalization go through any faster?
Obviously, she isn't on an 1880 census and the 1890 census records are gone. I
haven't been able to find her on the 1890 directories or the New York Police
Census for 1890. - Thanks for any suggestions.
Clara may indeed have chosen to change Ericksdottir to the more generic Ericksen.
Alternately, a passenger arrival record may have merely included her with her
brothers, and assumed her last name was the same as theirs. With regards to
naturalization, it is entirely possible that hers was processed with her
husband's automatically. I'd check into a summary of the naturalization laws in
Christina Schaefer's Guide to Naturalization Records in the United States. If
your local public library doesn't have a copy, consider purchasing the book
through the publisher
http://www.genealogical.com Format: Hardcover; Size: 6 x 9;
Pages: 439 pp; Published: 1997; Reprinted: 2004; ISBN: 0806315326. From the
publisher we read:
"State by state, county by county, city by city, the Guide to Naturalization
Records identifies all repositories of naturalization records,
systematically indicating the types of records held, their dates of coverage,
and the location of original and microfilm records. The Guide also pinpoints the
whereabouts of federal court records in all National Archives facilities. But
perhaps the most unique feature of the Guide to Naturalization Records is that
it identifies every single piece of information on naturalizations that is
available on microfilm through the National Archives or the Family History
Library System, including the call numbers used by each institution. Records
that are available on microfilm through other facilities have also been
Ol' Myrt here reviewed pages 355-429 from the 2006 edition of The SOURCE: A
Guidebook of American Genealogy. This chapter on Immigration Records was written
by Loretto Dennis Szucs, FUGA; Kory L. Meyerink, MLS, AG, FUGA; and Marian
Smith, Historian with the US Citizenship and Immigration Service, formerly the
INS. Pages 400-401 describe women's rights with regards to naturalization.
Simplistically, from 10 Feb 1855 until 22 Sept 1922, women and children
"automatically became derivative US citizens when the husband or father
naturalized or upon the woman's marriage to the citizen husband." Note The
Source can be ordered through the publisher,
OTHER RESOURCES for New York genealogical studies include:
-- Family History Library's New York Research Outline
It is in this online publication that I discovered there are indeed STATE CENSUS
RECORDS for New York: "State censuses have survived for some counties for
1825, 1835, 1845, and 1855 and for most counties for 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905,
1915, and 1925. Most censuses are in the possession of county clerks and are on
microfilm at the Family History Library. There are few indexes, but some 1855
schedules are being indexed. The state archives has a name index to the 1925
census schedules for Albany County. Indexes for the 1892 census have been
transferred to the Albany County Hall of Records, 250 South Pearl Street,
Albany, NY 12207." Ol' Myrt checked the Family History Library Catalog
http://www.familysearch.org and found that these are available on microfilm
through your local LDS Family History Center.
-- Guzik, Estelle M. Genealogical resources in New York.
http://www.jewishgen.org Your ancestor didn't have to be Jewish for you to
benefit from Guzik's book of ideas for research
-- Mailing Lists (for the surname)
-- Message boards (for surname and locality)
-- USGenWeb (particularly New York)
Happy family tree climbing!